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Tina Turner: Life and Legacy of a the Legendary Music Icon

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As the world mourns the demise of a true music legend, it is important to know that in music, few names shine brightly and leave an indelible mark as Tina Turner.

With a career spanning over six decades, Tina Turner’s life story is one of resilience, triumph, and talent.

Born Anna Mae Bullock on November 26, 1939, in Nutbush, Tennessee, Tina Turner’s journey from a small-town girl to an international superstar is nothing short of extraordinary.

From her early struggles to her groundbreaking success and enduring legacy, Tina Turner’s story is a testament to the power of determination, passion, and an unwavering commitment to her craft.

Tina Turner’s musical journey began in her childhood when she discovered her love for singing and performing.

Growing up, she found solace and joy in music, drawing inspiration from the soulful sounds of rhythm and blues.

At the tender age of 18, Tina took a leap of faith, embarking on a musical career that would forever change her life.

However, Tina’s road to stardom was not without its obstacles. She faced numerous challenges and setbacks, both personally and professionally, but her unwavering determination and resilience propelled her forward.

During this time, fate intervened when she met musician Ike Turner, who would become her musical partner and, later, her husband.

Together, Ike and Tina Turner formed the dynamic duo known as Ike & Tina Turner Revue. With Tina’s raw talent, soul-stirring vocals, and electrifying stage presence, the duo quickly gained recognition and success.

Their energetic live performances and chart-topping hits like “River Deep – Mountain High” and “Proud Mary” catapulted them to international fame.

In the 1980s, Tina Turner staged one of the most remarkable comebacks in music history. With her signature raspy voice and powerhouse performances, she conquered the charts and the hearts of millions with iconic hits like “What’s Love Got to Do with It,” “Private Dancer,” and “The Best.”

Tina Turner: Life and Legacy of a the Legendary Music Icon

Her music spoke to a generation, empowering individuals to rise above adversity and embrace their inner strength.

Beyond her musical achievements, Tina Turner’s influence transcended the stage. She became an inspiration for women around the world, symbolizing resilience, independence, and the pursuit of one’s dreams.

Her autobiography, “I, Tina,” provided a candid account of her life, shedding light on her triumphs and struggles, and inspiring countless individuals to find their own voice.

Tina Turner’s impact on popular culture cannot be overstated. She has sold over 200 million records worldwide, making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time.

Her electrifying performances, remarkable stage presence, and soulful voice continue to resonate with audiences of all ages.

Today, Tina Turner’s legacy remains as vibrant as ever. She has been honored with numerous accolades, including multiple Grammy Awards, induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and a Kennedy Center Honor.

Her music continues to inspire new generations of artists and fans alike, standing as a testament to her enduring talent and remarkable spirit.

In this article, we embark on a journey through the life of a true music legend, Tina Turner.

The early life of Tina Turner  

Tina Turner, born Anna Mae Bullock on November 26, 1939, in Brownsville, Tennessee, grew up in the rural community of Nutbush, Tennessee.

Her father, Floyd Richard Bullock, worked as an overseer of sharecroppers at Poindexter Farm, where Tina would help pick cotton with her family at a young age.

Despite her early upbringing in a small town, Tina’s life would soon take an extraordinary turn. During her childhood, Tina was separated from her two older sisters when her parents relocated to Knoxville, Tennessee, for work during World War II.

Tina went to live with her strict and religious paternal grandparents, Alex and Roxanna Bullock, while her parents were away.

After the war, the family reunited and moved back to Nutbush, where Tina attended Flagg Grove Elementary School.

Tina’s passion for singing blossomed during her early years as she participated in the church choir at Nutbush’s Spring Hill Baptist Church.

However, when Tina was just 11 years old, her mother Zelma left the family without warning, seeking freedom from her abusive relationship with Floyd.

Two years later, Tina’s father remarried and moved to Detroit, leaving Tina and her sisters to live with their maternal grandmother, Georgeanna Currie, in Brownsville.

As a teenager, Tina worked as a domestic worker for the Henderson family. It was during this time that she received the devastating news of her half-sister Evelyn’s tragic death in a car accident.

Despite the challenges she faced, Tina embraced her tomboy nature and was actively involved in her high school as a cheerleader and basketball player.

At the age of 16, Tina moved to St. Louis to live with her mother. She graduated from Sumner High School in 1958 and began working as a nurse’s aide at Barnes-Jewish Hospital.

Little did she know that her remarkable journey was just beginning, and her undeniable talent would soon captivate the world.

Tina Turner’s early years were marked by hardships, separations, and personal struggles. However, her resilience, determination, and unwavering passion for music would pave the way for a legendary career that would shape the landscape of rock ‘n’ roll.

From her humble beginnings in Nutbush, Tina Turner would rise to become a global superstar, leaving an indelible mark on the music industry that continues to inspire generations.

Personal Life of Tina Turner

Tina Turner first met Ike Turner at a nightclub in 1956 and joined his band two years later. She had a relationship with saxophonist Raymond Hill in 1958 and they had a son named Craig Turner.

Afterward, Tina became involved with Ike and had another child with him, Ronnie Turner, in 1960. When she married Ike in 1962, she also became the adoptive mother of Ike’s two previous children, Ike Jr. and Michael.

Tina Turner: Life and Legacy of a the Legendary Music Icon
source: getty images – Collection Gilles PTtard (Photo by Gilles Petard/Redferns)

Their marriage was highly publicized for its violence and abuse. Tina accused Ike of physically assaulting her, emotionally mistreating her, sexually assaulting her, and even hurting her with lit cigarettes.

In 1968, Tina attempted suicide by taking around 90 sleeping pills while on tour in Los Angeles. She was rushed to the hospital and saved.

Despite enduring continued abuse from Ike, Tina’s life took a positive turn in 1971 when a close friend introduced her to Buddhism.

Three years later, she converted to the Buddhist faith. Finally, in July 1976, Tina left Ike after a violent incident during their journey to a hotel in Dallas where she was beaten. She sought refuge in a friend’s apartment while Ike was searching for her.

After several months, Ike decided to stop looking for her. Tina filed for divorce and offered to leave all the couple’s money to Ike but requested to keep the stage name “Tina Turner” that Ike had given her in 1960.

She had worked hard to make the name famous. The divorce was finalized in March 1978, and the court allowed her to retain her stage name.

In 1985, while attending a record label event in London, Tina met a German music executive named Erwin Bach.

They initially became friends and started dating the following year. They have remained together ever since.

Tina Turner: Life and Legacy of a the Legendary Music Icon

Tina Turner and Erwin got married in a civil ceremony on the shores of Lake Zurich in Küsnacht, Switzerland in July 2013, after 27 years of relationship.

Mainstream success

Tina Turner’s journey in the music industry began unexpectedly when she stepped in to record the vocals for the song “A Fool in Love” after the scheduled singer failed to appear.

This led to a big breakthrough for Tina, as the song became a massive R&B hit, reaching No. 2 on the charts and catapulting her into the spotlight.

It was during this time that Tina’s name was changed to Tina Turner by her husband and musical partner, Ike Turner.

Together, they formed The Ike & Tina Turner Revue, which gained immense popularity in the 1960s and 1970s.

Their energetic performances, complemented by the electrifying dance routines of Tina and the backup singers known as the Ikettes, captivated audiences around the world.

The duo recorded several hit songs during this period, including “A Fool in Love,” “It’s Gonna Work Out Fine,” “I Idolize You,” and the iconic “River Deep, Mountain High” produced by Phil Spector.

As the years went by, Tina and Ike incorporated elements of modern rock into their act, impressively covering songs like “Come Together,” “Honky Tonk Woman,” and “I Want to Take You Higher” during their stage performances.

However, despite their success on the surface, Tina’s personal life was far from perfect. She raised four sons, but her marriage to Ike was marred by his drug addiction and abusive behavior.

Tina endured physical abuse throughout their marriage, which ultimately led to their separation and eventual divorce in 1978.

After leaving Ike, Tina embarked on a solo career, facing the challenges of canceled tours and financial responsibilities.

She found strength in her newfound faith as a Nichiren Buddhist, which gave her the courage to strike out on her own.

Tina transitioned into a solo performer, making appearances on various TV shows to support herself. The divorce from Ike marked a turning point in Tina’s life.

She spoke out about the years of severe spousal abuse and Ike’s drug addiction in her autobiography, “I, Tina,” which later became the basis for the acclaimed film “What’s Love Got to Do with It.”

Despite the hardships she faced, Tina Turner emerged as a symbol of resilience and triumph. She reclaimed her stage name and took responsibility for the debts incurred during the canceled tours, setting out on a remarkable journey that would solidify her status as a legendary performer.

Life after divorce

Following her separation from Ike Turner in 1978, Tina Turner embarked on her solo career with the release of her album “Rough” in the same year.

Departing from the funky rhythm and blues sound of her previous work, the album showcased Tina’s desire to explore a more rock-oriented musical direction.

However, “Rough” failed to achieve commercial success and did not receive any certifications. The disco-influenced album “Love Explosion,” released in 1979, also struggled to make an impact on the charts.

Despite these setbacks, Tina persevered and continued to perform live shows in the United States and Europe.

However, without the support of hit albums, her career faced challenges and experienced a decline. In 1982, she collaborated with B.E.F. for a remake of the Temptations’ “Ball of Confusion,” which garnered positive feedback.

Encouraged by this response, she went on to record a cover of Al Green’s “Let’s Stay Together. Unfortunately, due to the underwhelming performance of “Rough” and “Love Explosion,” Tina and her record label, EMI Records, parted ways.

Securing another major label deal immediately proved difficult, as some US and UK labels believed her popularity had waned.

Despite this, Tina remained determined to stay in the public eye, performing at small venues in the US (especially Las Vegas) and the UK.

Her stage presence and performances continued to captivate audiences, ensuring she remained a popular live act.

In December 1983, Tina Turner’s cover of “Let’s Stay Together” achieved considerable success, reaching No. 6 in the UK and becoming popular across various European countries.

The song also made its way to No. 26 on the US Billboard 100 singles chart, and it performed exceptionally well on the R&B and Dance charts, reaching the top 5.

Turner’s career experienced an impressive comeback in 1984. Her album “Private Dancer,” released in June of that year, showcased her remarkable talent.

The album included the hit single “Let’s Stay Together” along with another chart-topper, “What’s Love Got to Do with It,” which reached No. 1 in the US and No. 3 in the UK, becoming Turner’s sole No. 1 hit in the US.

“Private Dancer” proved to be a commercial triumph, selling over 5 million copies in the US and a total of 11 million copies worldwide.

Some sources even claim sales exceeding 20 million, making it her most successful album to date. Apart from the aforementioned singles, the album spawned other hits such as “Better Be Good to Me,” “Private Dancer,” “I Can’t Stand the Rain,” and “Show Some Respect.”

Turner’s outstanding achievements led to accolades, including an MTV Video Music Award, two American Music Awards, and four Grammy Awards.

In February 1985, Turner embarked on her first solo world tour, the Private Dancer Tour, which took her to various destinations across North America, Asia, Europe, and Australia.

During this time, she also joined forces with other artists on the USA for Africa song “We Are the World,” which aimed to provide aid to famine-stricken regions in Africa.

Building on the success of “Private Dancer,” Turner ventured into acting and portrayed the character Aunty Entity in the film “Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome.”

The movie achieved significant box office success, grossing $36 million, and Turner’s performance earned her the NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress. She also had a memorable performance alongside Mick Jagger at Live Aid in July.

In August, Turner released the single “We Don’t Need Another Hero,” which served as the theme song for “Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome.”

The song became a hit, reaching No. 2 in the US and No. 3 in the UK. It received Grammy and Golden Globe nominations for its exceptional quality.

The film’s soundtrack, featuring Turner’s contributions, achieved moderate success, reaching the top 40 in the US and No. 47 in Canada, with worldwide sales exceeding one million copies.

Another soundtrack single, “One of the Living,” earned Turner a Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance.

In November, Turner collaborated with Bryan Adams on the duet “It’s Only Love,” which garnered a Grammy nomination for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.

In 1991, Ike and Tina Turner were honored with induction into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, and Phil Spector accepted the award on their behalf.

Around the same time, Tina Turner released a compilation album titled “Simply the Best,” which included her modern dance-pop rendition of “Nutbush City Limits” which became a hit in the UK.

In 1993, Turner’s life story was depicted in the film “What’s Love Got to Do with It,” based on her autobiography “I, Tina.”

The movie portrayed her tumultuous marriage to Ike Turner and her journey to overcome it through her practice of Nichiren Buddhism and chanting Nam Myoho Renge Kyo.

While the film received mixed reviews, Angela Bassett, who played Tina, and Laurence Fishburne, who portrayed Ike, were both nominated for Academy Awards for their performances.

Turner supervised the film’s soundtrack, which featured her re-recorded versions of several songs from her time with Ike, including “A Fool in Love,” “It’s Gonna Work Out Fine,” “Nutbush City Limits,” and “Proud Mary.”

However, Turner had no involvement in the film’s production and expressed no interest in watching it, as she did not wish to relive the abusive experiences she endured.

She also recorded new songs for the soundtrack, such as a cover of The Trammps’ “Disco Inferno” and two original tracks, “I Don’t Wanna Fight” (a cover of Lulu’s song) and the R&B ballad “Why Must We Wait Until Tonight” (written by Bryan Adams).

The soundtrack achieved platinum status in the US and included Turner’s final top ten single in the US, “I Don’t Wanna Fight,” which reached number nine on the charts.

Following the soundtrack’s success, Turner embarked on a sold-out US tour, her first in seven years. After the tour, she relocated to Switzerland and took a one-year break from performing.

Death of Tina Turner

Tina Turner relocated to Château Algonquin in Küsnacht on the shore of Lake Zurich in 1994. Prior to that, she owned properties in Cologne, London, Los Angeles, and a villa named Anna Fleur on the French Riviera.

In 2013, Turner applied for Swiss citizenship and expressed her intention to renounce her U.S. citizenship.

As part of the citizenship process, she underwent a mandatory test on advanced knowledge of German (the official language of the canton of Zürich) and Swiss history. On April 22, 2013, she became a citizen of Switzerland and received a Swiss passport.

Later that year, on October 24, 2013, Turner signed the necessary paperwork to relinquish her American citizenship at the U.S. embassy in Bern.

Turner revealed in her 2018 memoir, “My Love Story,” that she had faced several life-threatening illnesses.

In 2013, just three weeks after her wedding to Erwin Bach, she suffered a stroke and had to go through a process of learning to walk again.

In 2016, she was diagnosed with intestinal cancer. Instead of conventional treatment, Turner chose to explore homeopathic remedies for her high blood pressure.

Unfortunately, her untreated high blood pressure led to kidney damage and eventual kidney failure. Given the low chances of receiving a kidney transplant, she was advised to undergo dialysis.

At one point, she considered euthanasia and became a member of Exit, an organization that supports assisted dying.

However, her husband Erwin Bach offered to donate his kidney for her transplant. Turner underwent successful kidney transplant surgery on April 7, 2017.

On May 24, 2023, Tina Turner passed away at her home in Küsnacht, Switzerland, at the age of 83.

Also read: History and Legacy of Brenda Fassie, the Phenomenal South African Music icon

Source

https://www.tina-turner.nl/biography.php

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